For its location in the heart of the Caribbean, the Dominican Republic is an ideal destination for tourism. You will find beautiful beaches of transparent waters and white sands, lush mountainous landscape and a rich cultural history.
In 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered the island he named Hispaniola during his first Atlantic voyage. Those interested in knowing the history of this nation may be interested to visit the Colonial City in Santo Domingo (First European city in America), a declared UNESCO World Heritage Site, with its established first monuments and institutions of the new world.
For fans of Ecotourism, among others, the country offers abundant National Parks, scientific reserves, natural caves, historical areas and the highest peak in the Antilles (Pico Duarte). For lovers of water sports, you will find beaches with abundant, high-quality waves for surfing, crystal-clear water for diving and snorkeling and magnificent trade winds for the practice of sailing, kite boarding or windsurfing and a clear warm climate that is always Summer.
The Dominican Republic has cultural elements of European and Spanish influences and enjoys a remarkable variety of arts, music and dance. Merengue, bachata and salsa are the most important forms of music and dance on the island. Make sure to sample the favorite local cocktail, a Cuba Libre, and the famous after-dinner drink, Mamajuana with Brugal rum, made in the Dominican Republic.
Area: 48,717 sq km
Population: 9 million
Famous for: Columbus first landfall in the West Indies
Capital: Santo Domingo
The aborigines that once lived in the Dominican Republic were known as the Taino Indians, and occupied the island for 5,000 years prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus. The Tainos were a peaceful group that lived off of agriculture, fishing and livestock. They are said to have originated from two different tribes, from Central America and South America.
Climate and Geography
The Dominican Republic is known for its beautiful weather and nearly year-round warmth and sunshine; some people refer to the Dominican Republic’s climate as “endless summer.” The climate is tropical maritime, with an average temperature of 77 degrees Fahrenheit.
Most rain falls in the east and north regions, historically with the most accumulation in May. Rainfall is higher from November to February, when it is common for passing morning or evening rain showers, with sunshine during the day.
Evenings are cooler during the months of November to April, as compared to the summer. The mountainous regions on the country’s interior are a higher altitude and have cooler temperatures than the rest of the island. Temperatures may drop below freezing, and frost can be seen on their peaks
Summer in the Dominican Republic is May to October, and is the hottest time of the year. Temperatures range from 87-90 degrees Fahrenheit during the day, with a nighttime low of 72 degrees. The high humidity during the summer raises the heat-index and the temperature can feel even hotter than it really is.
As with all of the Caribbean, the Dominican Republic is affected by hurricane activity. Hurricane season is from August to November, with the most action in August and September. Because of the nearby mountain ranges, the North Coast is protected from dangerous storms. The main affects are epic surf conditions and passing wind and rainstorms.